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AP-3 complex subunit beta-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AP3B1 gene.[1][2][3]


This gene encodes a protein that may play a role in organelle biogenesis associated with melanosomes, platelet dense granules, and lysosomes. The encoded protein is part of the heterotetrameric AP-3 protein complex which interacts with the scaffolding protein clathrin. Mutations in this gene are associated with Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome type 2.[3]


AP3B1 has been shown to interact with AP3S2.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Dell'Angelica EC, Ooi CE, Bonifacino JS (Jun 1997). "Beta3A-adaptin, a subunit of the adaptor-like complex AP-3". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (24): 15078–84. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.24.15078. PMID 9182526.
  2. Simpson F, Peden AA, Christopoulou L, Robinson MS (May 1997). "Characterization of the adaptor-related protein complex, AP-3". The Journal of Cell Biology. 137 (4): 835–45. doi:10.1083/jcb.137.4.835. PMC 2139840. PMID 9151686.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: AP3B1 adaptor-related protein complex 3, beta 1 subunit".

External links

Further reading

  • Huizing M, Gahl WA (Aug 2002). "Disorders of vesicles of lysosomal lineage: the Hermansky-Pudlak syndromes". Current Molecular Medicine. 2 (5): 451–67. doi:10.2174/1566524023362357. PMID 12125811.
  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (Jan 1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides". Gene. 138 (1–2): 171–4. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)90802-8. PMID 8125298.
  • MacNeill SA, Nurse P (Sep 1993). "Genetic analysis of human p34CDC2 function in fission yeast". Molecular & General Genetics. 240 (3): 315–22. PMID 8413179.
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, Suyama A, Sugano S (Oct 1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1–2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149.
  • Dell'Angelica EC, Klumperman J, Stoorvogel W, Bonifacino JS (Apr 1998). "Association of the AP-3 adaptor complex with clathrin". Science. 280 (5362): 431–4. doi:10.1126/science.280.5362.431. PMID 9545220.
  • Feng L, Seymour AB, Jiang S, To A, Peden AA, Novak EK, Zhen L, Rusiniak ME, Eicher EM, Robinson MS, Gorin MB, Swank RT (Feb 1999). "The beta3A subunit gene (Ap3b1) of the AP-3 adaptor complex is altered in the mouse hypopigmentation mutant pearl, a model for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome and night blindness". Human Molecular Genetics. 8 (2): 323–30. doi:10.1093/hmg/8.2.323. PMID 9931340.
  • Dell'Angelica EC, Shotelersuk V, Aguilar RC, Gahl WA, Bonifacino JS (Jan 1999). "Altered trafficking of lysosomal proteins in Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome due to mutations in the beta 3A subunit of the AP-3 adaptor". Molecular Cell. 3 (1): 11–21. doi:10.1016/S1097-2765(00)80170-7. PMID 10024875.
  • Huizing M, Scher CD, Strovel E, Fitzpatrick DL, Hartnell LM, Anikster Y, Gahl WA (Feb 2002). "Nonsense mutations in ADTB3A cause complete deficiency of the beta3A subunit of adaptor complex-3 and severe Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2". Pediatric Research. 51 (2): 150–8. doi:10.1203/00006450-200202000-00006. PMID 11809908.
  • Feng L, Novak EK, Hartnell LM, Bonifacino JS, Collinson LM, Swank RT (Mar 2002). "The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 1 (HPS1) and HPS2 genes independently contribute to the production and function of platelet dense granules, melanosomes, and lysosomes". Blood. 99 (5): 1651–8. PMID 11861280.
  • Kim YM, Barak LS, Caron MG, Benovic JL (May 2002). "Regulation of arrestin-3 phosphorylation by casein kinase II". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (19): 16837–46. doi:10.1074/jbc.M201379200. PMID 11877451.
  • Dubois T, Howell S, Zemlickova E, Aitken A (Apr 2002). "Identification of casein kinase Ialpha interacting protein partners". FEBS Letters. 517 (1–3): 167–71. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(02)02614-5. PMID 12062430.
  • Salazar G, Love R, Werner E, Doucette MM, Cheng S, Levey A, Faundez V (Feb 2004). "The zinc transporter ZnT3 interacts with AP-3 and it is preferentially targeted to a distinct synaptic vesicle subpopulation". Molecular Biology of the Cell. 15 (2): 575–87. doi:10.1091/mbc.E03-06-0401. PMC 329249. PMID 14657250.
  • Guinn BA, Bland EA, Lodi U, Liggins AP, Tobal K, Petters S, Wells JW, Banham AH, Mufti GJ (Oct 2005). "Humoral detection of leukaemia-associated antigens in presentation acute myeloid leukaemia". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 335 (4): 1293–304. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.08.024. PMID 16112646.
  • Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (Oct 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514.
  • Jung J, Bohn G, Allroth A, Boztug K, Brandes G, Sandrock I, Schäffer AA, Rathinam C, Köllner I, Beger C, Schilke R, Welte K, Grimbacher B, Klein C (Jul 2006). "Identification of a homozygous deletion in the AP3B1 gene causing Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, type 2". Blood. 108 (1): 362–9. doi:10.1182/blood-2005-11-4377. PMC 1895843. PMID 16537806.