AP2M1

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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AP-2 complex subunit mu is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AP2M1 gene.[1]

Function

This gene encodes a subunit of the heterotetrameric coat assembly protein complex 2 (AP2), which belongs to the adaptor complexes medium subunits family. The encoded protein is required for the activity of a vacuolar ATPase, which is responsible for proton pumping occurring in the acidification of endosomes and lysosomes. The encoded protein may also play an important role in regulating the intracellular trafficking and function of CTLA-4 protein. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[2]

Interactions

AP2M1 has been shown to interact with CTLA-4[3][4] and Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor.[5]

References

  1. Druck T, Gu Y, Prabhala G, Cannizzaro LA, Park SH, Huebner K, Keen JH (Nov 1995). "Chromosome localization of human genes for clathrin adaptor polypeptides AP2 beta and AP50 and the clathrin-binding protein, VCP". Genomics. 30 (1): 94–7. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.0016. PMID 8595912.
  2. "Entrez Gene: AP2M1 adaptor-related protein complex 2, mu 1 subunit".
  3. Follows ER, McPheat JC, Minshull C, Moore NC, Pauptit RA, Rowsell S, Stacey CL, Stanway JJ, Taylor IW, Abbott WM (Oct 2001). "Study of the interaction of the medium chain mu 2 subunit of the clathrin-associated adapter protein complex 2 with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 and CD28". The Biochemical Journal. 359 (Pt 2): 427–34. doi:10.1042/0264-6021:3590427. PMC 1222163. PMID 11583591.
  4. Chuang E, Alegre ML, Duckett CS, Noel PJ, Vander Heiden MG, Thompson CB (Jul 1997). "Interaction of CTLA-4 with the clathrin-associated protein AP50 results in ligand-independent endocytosis that limits cell surface expression". Journal of Immunology. 159 (1): 144–51. PMID 9200449.
  5. Diviani D, Lattion AL, Abuin L, Staub O, Cotecchia S (May 2003). "The adaptor complex 2 directly interacts with the alpha 1b-adrenergic receptor and plays a role in receptor endocytosis". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278 (21): 19331–40. doi:10.1074/jbc.M302110200. PMID 12644451.

Further reading

External links



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