Hexamethylenediamine

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Hexamethylenediamine[1][2]
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IUPAC name Hexane-1,6-diamine
Other names 1,6-Diaminohexane
1,6-Hexanediamine
Identifiers
CAS number 124-09-4
PubChem 16402
SMILES NCCCCCCN
Properties
Molecular formula C6H16N2
Molar mass 116.21 g/mol
Appearance White to yellowish crystals or powder
Density 0.84 g/cm3
Melting point

42 °C, 315 K, 108 °F

Boiling point

205 °C, 478 K, 401 °F

Solubility in water Freely soluble
Hazards
R-phrases R20 R22 R34 R36 R37 R38
Flash point 93 °C
Explosive limits 0.7 - 6.3 %
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Hexamethylenediamine or 1,6-hexanediamine is a diamine with a hexamethylene hydrocarbon chain and amine functional groups at each end. It has a strong amine odor, similar to piperidine. Hexamethylenediamine is produced from adiponitrile.

Uses

Its main uses are as a raw material in the

Safety

Hexamethylenediamine is highly toxic and can cause serious injuries. These include burns and severe irritation. Such injuries were observed in the major accident that occurred at the BASF site in Seal Sands, near Billingham on 4 January 2007 where 16 people were treated for serious injuries and one for burns.[3][4] In total, 37 people were reported to have been injured as a result of the accident.

Stability

Hexamethylenediamine is stable, but combustible. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, and organic materials.


References

  1. Merck Index, 11th Edition, 4614.
  2. MSDS
  3. BBC News
  4. BBC News

External links

de:Hexamethylendiamin

it:Esametilendiammina nl:Hexamethyleendiamine


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